The quality of the education in Russia
Before the Revolution of 1917, Russia was a backward agricultural country, the majority of the population was illiterate. Much of the reliance on the Soviet Union to become a great industrial state was to educate people immediately. Four days after the formation of the Soviet government, the Bolsheviks published a comprehensive educational plan (Soviet Communism).
The general outline of the project is as follows: A universal and non-class system of education for all ages, including children and young people, based on purely practical training and enlightenment. Muslim education should be eliminated with all the outdated and stereotypical traditions, and modern education should be given new scientific foundations. Every kind of superstition-free system in which the ultimate purpose of every individual’s life is to serve society. In principle, the whole system will be free, compulsory and secular.
This outline gives us real information about the Soviet Union’s system of education and provides the basis for further study on the aims and objectives of a planned economy. It helps us understand what education can play in a society’s life.
A few general facts:
The Soviet constitution mandated free education at all levels and for everyone up to the age of 15. According to Article 121 of the Constitution, the pursuit of education is the basic right of the Soviet people. Free access to education at all levels, including the acquisition of basic education and compulsory higher education. A system of government benefits was introduced for the vast majority of students in higher education institutions. According to this article, it was decided to impart education in schools in the local language. Organizations were formed to provide practical technical and agricultural training to workers working in factories, state and collective farms, machines and tractor stations.
In all the republics of the Soviet Union, education was given in the local language and mixed education was introduced. After 15 years, very low fees for higher education were awarded to students who reached a certain standard, which was sufficient to meet their needs during their studies. One of the jokes learned in this regard was that Soviet students coming from overseas would ask how much money your government pays you to study.
Education, individuals and the state
The Soviet Union’s educational system was developed at the central level in collaboration with the commissioners of various unions and independent sovereigns. Under certain circumstances it had the potential to make amendments. The Central Planning Commission, which is responsible for the economic planning of the entire Soviet Union, was a cultural component in the formation of the General Education Project, which determined how many new schools to be built, what kind of schools they would be, The number of new teachers, the number of new libraries to be built, and so on.
For example, the third 5-year project plans to build 20,000 new schools and train 5 million new teachers. The planning commission decides how much to allocate for each task. Funds for education were placed in the Central Budget, and in the democracies, the commissioners of education were responsible for the general planning as well as budgetary expenditures and the discipline of education.
Education for the youth was not limited to the classroom but free industrial training was also provided. For the vast majority, education was an integral part of life; one of the guiding principles was that education was not just a book, it was an integral part of real life. Children are trained to be a useful worker for their work life and society as a whole, and to help educators understand all aspects of life and society in the future.